Subaortic Stenosis Case


A 1-year-old French Bulldog was referred because of a heart murmur that was heard during routine examination. The owner had not noticed any problems. Clinical examination revealed a 4/6 systolic murmur with a maximum over the left heart base. Mucous membranes were pink, capillary refill time 1.5 sec. Pulse quality was a little bit weaker than normal.

No X-rays were performed because there was no clinical sign of pulmonary congestion. Heart ultrasound showed moderate left ventricular concentric hypertrophy.

Patient Information



1 Years


There was some ring formation beneath the aortic valve with the most prominent portion originating from the interventricular septum.
Image 2 and 3: Colour Doppler showed a massive turbulence across the aortic valve and a mild aortic insufficiency (Image 2 apical, Image 3 Right Parasternal Long Axis).
Right parastenal long axis view demonstrates color flow turbulence indicative of aortic insufficiency that accompanies subaortic stenosis.
Image 4 and 5: The pressure gradient was estimated using spectral Doppler (Image 5 CW Spectral Doppler Suboptimal Angle > 15 Degrees Theta, Image 6 Optimal Angle < 15 Deg Theta). Maximal velocity was 5,92 m/s; which corresponds to a pressure gradient of 140 mm Hg. Hence, the diagnosis was high grade Subaortic Stenosis. Therapy was initiated using Atenolol at a starting dosage of 0,5 mg/kg bid and titrated weekly up to 1,5 mg/kg bid.

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